SHAFR 2008 Annual Meeting

Columbus, Ohio (June 26-28, 2008)

Conference Home


Conference Program

Conference Venue

On-Campus Housing


Contact Information

Book Exhibit and Advertisers

SHAFR Baseball Outing


July 7, 2007

The web-site for the 2008 meeting has been deactivated but is being preserved here for archival purposes.

Dear Colleagues:

On behalf of the 2008 Program Committee (Kelly Gray, Joe Mocnik, and Chris Tudda), we warmly invite you to attend this year’s conference to be held 26-28 June at the Blackwell Inn and Conference Center on the Ohio State University Campus in Columbus, Ohio. Information regarding registration, lodging, transportation, and the Columbus area can be found elsewhere on this website.

We’d like to highlight just a few features of what promises to be an excellent program. (Space considerations forced the Program Committee to make some difficult choices, as we received a record number of submissions this year and could not accept every session that we would have liked.)

The conference opens with a full slate of panels that begin at 1:00 p.m. on Thursday, 26 June. Our concluding panels will be from 3:15-5:15 p.m. on Saturday, 28 June. That evening there will be a SHAFR-sponsored excursion to watch the Columbus Clippers minor-league baseball team take on the Indianapolis Indians.
A few special features of this year’s program include:

  • A roundtable on “Secrecy and Declassification in Foreign Policy Records” will be held on Thursday afternoon, 26 June.
  • The Thursday evening plenary session will feature a reception and the long-awaited and much anticipated debut of Doug Little and Steve Rabe’s multimedia retrospective on their SHAFR Conference experiences, “Dorm Rooms, Cafeterias, and Low-Rent Hotels We Have Known.”
  • Clea Bunch will speak on “Hijab, Handshakes, and Haram: The Challenges of Conducting Research in the Middle East” for the Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast on Friday, 27 June.
  • The Friday morning session block features a roundtable organized by the SHAFR Teaching Committee titled “Teaching with Images and Multimedia: Perspectives from Ohio State’s Goldberg Center and Elsewhere.”
  • SHAFR president Tom Schwartz will deliver his presidential address, “‘Winning an election is terribly important, Henry’: Thinking about Domestic Politics and U.S. Foreign Relations,” at the Friday luncheon.
  • The first session block on Friday afternoon will feature a roundtable on “Integrating Intelligence History in Academe and Government.”
  • SHAFR’s Ad Hoc Committee on the Status of Women will present its report in a roundtable titled “Is SHAFR Sexist?” scheduled for late Friday afternoon. The committee hopes to post the report on the SHAFR website before the conference.
  • Friday evening will feature a second plenary session. John Yoo of the Bolt Hall School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, will speak on “Presidential Power and the War on Terrorism.”
  • All graduate students are invited to attend a Saturday morning breakfast session (starting at 7:30 a.m.) featuring a panel on job prospects titled “Don’t Put All Your Eggs into Academia’s Basket.”
  • Among the sessions slated for Saturday morning, 28 June is a roundtable devoted to “Reevaluating the Study of U.S.-East Asian Relations: Sources, Approaches, and Pedagogy.”
  • Saturday’s luncheon speaker will be Congressman Joe Sestak (D-PA), whose address is titled “The National Security Challenges Facing America.” The luncheon runs from 11:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.

In addition to the sessions highlighted above, the program offers attendees panels devoted to a variety of chronological and geographical topics. We are very excited about the breadth of this year’s program and hope you’ll join us for SHAFR 2008 in Columbus.

Ann Heiss
Amy Sayward


On-line registration is no longer available. Conference participants should plan to pay with cash or check (no credit cards accepted) when they arrive on site.

Registration (All participants are expected to register)

Standard: $75 ($100 after June 1)

Student: $25 ($40 after June 1)

Fri., June 27, Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast, 7:30 AM -9:00 AM
Speaker: Clea Lutz Bunch, University of Arkansas at Little Rock
Hijab, Handshakes, and Haram: The Challenges of Conducting Research in the Middle East


Fri., June 27, Luncheon, 11:30 AM - 1:30 PM
Speaker: Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University, SHAFR President
“Winning an election is terribly important, Henry”: Thinking about Domestic Politics and U.S. Foreign Relations


Sat., June 28, Luncheon, 11:30 AM – 1:30 PM
Speaker: Congressman Joe Sestak (D-PA) "The National Security Challenges Facing America"


Sat., June 28, Social Event, 5:15 PM – 10:00 PM (return time is estimated)
AAA Baseball Game: Columbus Clippers vs. Indianapolis Indians at Cooper Stadium
Admission to the game, round-trip transportation from & to The Blackwell, and “behind-the-fence” pre-game dinner are included*

*NO refunds will be offered if the event is cancelled due to poor weather.
Those interested in more information about this event, or in a ticket to the game, but not transportation and dinner, should click here
Standard: $31
Students: $26

The Robert A. and Barbara Divine Graduate Student Travel Fund:
Please consider a donation to ease the burden of travel expense for graduate students who are presenting papers. Receipts will be provided for tax-deduction purposes.


Conference Program

Registration: 10:00am – 5:00pm (Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 10:00am – 5:00pm (Ballroom A)
Refreshments: 12:00pm – 1:00pm & 3:00pm – 3:30pm (Lobby)

SHAFR Council Meeting: 8:15am – 12:15pm (Pfahl 102)

SHAFR Teaching Committee: 11:00am – 1:00pm (Ballroom B)

Session I: 1:00pm – 3:00pm
Panel 1: NATO’s Troubled Decade: The 1960s (Pfahl 202)

Chair: Jonathan Reed Winkler, Wright State University

Making “A Long-Overdue Adjustment”: Senator Mike Mansfield’s Call for a Reduced American Military Presence in Europe
Erin Black, University of Toronto

The Strange Persistence of Flexible Response
Robert T. Davis, II, US Army Combat Studies Institute

The United States and Canada’s NATO Troop Reduction in West Germany: The End of an Expedient Triangle?
Urs Obrist, University of Western Ontario

Berlin’s Crisis in the Alliance: NATO and Berlin, 1958-1960
Mark Rice, Ohio State University

Commentator: Alessandro Brogi, University of Arkansas

Panel 2: U.S. Soft Power and State-Private Networks in the Middle East, from the Cold War to the War on Terror (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Mary Ann Heiss, Kent State University

A Broken Wing? Women's Rights as Barometer of Democracy in the Middle East
Helen Laville, University of Birmingham

The Privatization of Public Diplomacy and Propaganda: American Information Control Policy in Occupied Iraq, 2003-2006
Cora Sol Goldstein, California State University, Long Beach

The Cultural Cold War Comes to the Orient: The CIA and the American Friends of the Middle East, 1951-1967
Hugh Wilford, California State University, Long Beach

Commentator: Mary Ann Heiss, Kent State University

Panel 3: Partners in Relief: American Humanitarians and the State, 1914-1941 (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

“A Piratical State for Benevolence”: State-NGO Relations between the United States and Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-1917
Thomas D. Westerman, University of Connecticut

Humanitarians and Bolsheviks: The Red Cross and YMCA in American-Russian Relations, 1917-1918
Jennifer Polk, University of Toronto

Shadow Diplomats: The Joint Distribution Committee and the Refugee Crisis of the 1930s
Andrew J. Falk, Christopher Newport University

The Diplomacy of Hunger: The Allied Blockade and Prisoner of War Food Relief in Germany during World War I
Kenneth A. Steuer, Western Michigan University

Commentator: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

Panel 4: Intelligence Agents and Spies in Wartime: Their Roles and Representations, 1930s-1950s (Pfahl 140)

Chair: Carol Jackson Adams, Webster University

A Cavalier in Cloak: Francis Pickens Miller, Interventionism, and the Secret War against Hitler
Rorin M. Platt, Campbell University

The “Woman With a Past”: Anticommunism, Gender Politics, and the Lives of Former Communist Spy Hede Massing
Veronica Wilson, University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown

American Garbo
Raymond J. Batvinis, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Commentator: Katherine A. S. Sibley, Saint Joseph’s University

Panel 5: “Reconciliation of Differences”: A Reevaluation of the Diplomacy of Jimmy Carter (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Wilson D. Miscamble, University of Notre Dame

The Ogaden War and the Demise of Détente
Donna Jackson, University of Chester

Vance’s Lodestone: The SALT II Process
Breck Walker, University of the South

Curbing the Buddha: Pokhran and the Beginning of the Nuclear Controls Regime
Jaideep A. Prabhu, Vanderbilt University

The US-UK Special Relationship in the mid-1970s: Rhodesia as a Case Study
William Bishop, Vanderbilt University

Commentator: Leo P. Ribuffo, George Washington University

Panel 6: War, Religion, and National Identity (Pfahl 340)

Chair: Walter L. Hixson, University of Akron

With Righteous Fury: American Identity and the U.S. Air War on Europeans and Asians, 1941-1945
David Zietsma, Redeemer University College

The Spirituality of Containment: Religion, National Identity, and Eisenhower's Cold War Strategy
Ira Chernus, University of Colorado at Boulder

The GWOT: America's First Executive Holy War
Michael Vlahos, The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory

Commentator: Walter L. Hixson, University of Akron

Panel 7: Reactions to American Imperial Ambitions at the Turn of the Century (Pfahl 102)

Chair: Anthony DeStefanis, University of South Florida

Migration and Empire: Puerto Rican Migration after the Spanish-American War, 1898-1918
Robert McGreevey, Brandeis University

“Moral Weight” or “Savage Ambition”? William James’s Political Philosophy and Opposition to Empire, 1890-1910
Christopher McKnight Nichols, University of Virginia

Reciprocity in Nineteenth-Century U.S.-Colombia Commercial Relations
Stephen Meardon, Bowling Green State University

Commentator: Anthony DeStefanis, University of South Florida


Session II: 3:30pm - 5:30pm
Panel 8: John Kennedy and the “Great Turning” (Pfahl 202)

Chair: Melvyn P. Leffler, University of Virginia

The Merits and Limits of the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Agreement
David Tal, Syracuse University

“More research and testing is necessary”: The Struggle between Robert McNamara and the Joint Chiefs over Missile Defense
Joseph W. Constance, Jr., Saint Anselm’s College

“The Burden of Proof”: Kennedy and Vietnam, 1963
Richard M. Filipink Jr., Western Illinois University

Kennedy, British Guiana, and the “Great Turning”
Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., Ohio Northern University/Southern University at New Orleans

Commentator: Melvyn P. Leffler, University of Virginia

Panel 9: Changing Perceptions: Interactions between the U.S. and the Middle East, 1920s – 1980s (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University

Oil, Honor and Religion: U.S. Foreign Policy Towards Turkey, 1923-1927
Aykut Kilinc, University of New Hampshire

American Education Assistance and the Rise of Anti-American Sentiment among Turkish and Iranian University Students during the 1960s and 1970s
Ricky Garlitz, Ohio University

The United States, Saudi Arabia, and the Outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War: A Reappraisal
Archer A. Montague, North Carolina State University

Commentator: James Goode, Grand Valley State University

Panel 10: Beyond Borders: Foreign Affairs and the Conservative Counterrevolution (Pfahl 240)

Chair: David F. Schmitz, Whitman College

Right-wing Productions of History and the Makings of the War in Iraq
Nils Gilman, University of California, Berkeley

No Rubber Stamp: The Argument for Constitutional Constructivism in U.S.-China Relations
Joyce Mao, Northern Kentucky University

Color-Blind(?) Conservatism, the Cold War, and U.S. Policy in Southern Africa
Ann Ziker, Rice University

Commentator: David F. Schmitz, Whitman College

Panel 11: The United States and Atlantic Diplomacy in a Long Nineteenth Century (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Robert May, Purdue University

Diplomatic Subtleties and Frank Overtures: Print, Politics, Publicity and Citizen Genet, 1793-1794
Wendy H. Wong, Temple University

Mr. Madison’s Other War: The Dartmoor Massacre, the End of the Barbary Wars, and American Self-Confidence, 1815-1816
David Dzurec, Ohio State University Newark

1860-61: The International Context of the Secession Year
Niels Eichhorn, University of Arkansas

Commentator: Mitchell Snay, Denison University

Panel 12: Secrecy and Declassification in Foreign Policy Records (Pfahl 140)

Moderator: Thomas W. Zeiler, University of Colorado at Boulder

Thomas S. Blanton, National Security Archive
William Bosanko, Information Security Oversight Office
John Collinge, Central Intelligence Agency
Ronald Radosh, Professor Emeritus, CUNY and member, Public Information DeClassification Board
Robert Schulzinger, Central Intelligence Agency Historical Review Panel
Marc Susser, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State
Susan Weetman, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Panel 13: The Cold War, Africa, and the Challenge of Decolonization (Pfahl 340)

Chair: Sue Onslow, London School of Economics and Political Science

Apartheid on Trial: America's Response to a Postcolonial Problem, 1960-1966
Ryan Irwin, Ohio State University

Atomic Apartheid and the Cold War: US-South African Nuclear Relations in the 1980s
Martha Van Wyk, Monash South Africa (Wholly owned by Monash University of Australia)

The Algerian Revolution’s Left Turn: The FLN in the Cold War, 1958-1960
Jeffrey Byrne, London School of Economics and Political Science

Commentator: Andy DeRoche, Front Range Community College

Panel 14: Perspective to Policy: Competing Conceptions of the U.S. National Interest in the Era of Franklin Roosevelt (Pfahl 102)

Chair: Jeffrey Engel, Texas A&M University

Internationalism, Ideology, & US Entry into World War II
Andrew Johnstone, University of Leicester

The Quest for “an Economic Monroe Doctrine”: Anglo-American Economic Diplomacy during WWII and the Expansion of U.S. National Security Concerns in Latin America
Thomas Mills, Brunel University

The Roosevelt Administrations’ Conception of US National Interest during the Phony War: Pre-war Postwar Planning
J. Simon Rofe, University of Leicester

Commentator: Jeffrey Engel, Texas A&M University

Reception and Informal Plenary: 5:30pm – 8:00pm (Ballroom BC)

Dorm Rooms, Cafeterias, and Low-Rent Hotels We Have Known
Douglas Little, Clark University
Stephen Rabe, University of Texas at Dallas


FRIDAY, 27 JUNE 2008
Registration: 8:00pm – 5:00pm (Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 8:00am – 5:00pm (Ballroom A)
Refreshments: 8:00am – 9:00am & 3:00pm – 3:30pm (Lobby)

Breakfast (7:30am - 9:00am)

Women Historians in SHAFR Breakfast (Ballroom B. Pre-registration is required.)

Hijab, Handshakes, and Haram: The Challenges of Conducting Research in the Middle East
Clea Lutz Bunch, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

SESSION III (9am – 11am)

Panel 15: The United States and Human Rights in the 1960s and 1970s (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Petra Goedde, Temple University

Soviet Propaganda on U.S. Human Rights in the 1960s: The View from the Moscow Archives
Jennifer Amos, University of Chicago

Indochinese Refugees, Human Rights, and American Foreign Policy in the 1970s
Carl Bon Tempo, Princeton University

Obstructing Congress: An Inside Look at the Early Years of the State Department’s Bureau of Human Rights, 1974-1976
Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne

Commentator: Christopher Endy, California State University, Los Angeles

Panel 16: The Limits of Liberation: Southern Africa and American Foreign Relations (Pfahl 202)

Chair: George White, York College, City University of New York

“Jackassery”: Nixon and Zambia, 1969-72
Andy DeRoche, Front Range Community College

The World Bitter to Me: Dennis Brutus and the Politics of South African Exiles in the United States
Eric J. Morgan, University of Colorado at Boulder

The American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa and the Rhodesian Crisis, 1962-66
Carl P. Watts, Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

Commentator: George White, York College, City University of New York

Panel 17: Culture and Conflict in U.S.-Latin American Relations, 1920s-1980s (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Kyle Longley, Arizona State University

Commodified Bodies: Empire and the Construction of Argentine Boxers
David Sheinin, Trent University

“The American Way of Life” in 1940s Mexico
Monica Rankin, University of Texas at Dallas

Frontiers of Exclusion, Frontiers of Rebellion: Zonian-Panamanian Cultural Relations and the Genesis of Crisis
Michael E. Donoghue, Marquette University

Commentator: Kyle Longley, Arizona State University

Panel 18: In the Shadow of the Mushroom Cloud: The United States, Japan, and the Atomic Bomb (Pfahl 140)

Chair: Barton J. Bernstein, Stanford University

Emperor Hirohito’s Sacred Decision to Surrender
Noriko Kawamura, Washington State University

The Racial and Sexual Politics of the ABCC Research
Aiko Takeuchi, Brown University

“Indiscriminate Cruelty”? The Targeting of Japanese Civilians in World War II
Sean L. Malloy, University of California, Merced

The Committee on Declassification and the Question of Postwar Secrecy
Alex Wellerstein, Harvard University

Commentator: Naoko Shibusawa, Brown University

Panel 19: Global Issues in the Post-Colonial Middle East (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Zach Levey, University of Haifa

The Struggle Against Oppression Everywhere: The PLO and the New Left
Paul Chamberlin, Ohio State University

The Resilience of Empire: Iraq, Decolonization, and the Kennedy Administration
Don Matthews, Oakland University

Battling the Veil: Popular Western Concern for Muslim Women’s Human Rights Since the Late 1970s

Kelly Shannon, Temple University

“You Get the Water Without Force”: The United States’ Roles in the Jordan Waters Crisis, 1963-1965
Brandon Kirk Williams, University of Colorado, Boulder

Commentator: John Miglietta, Tennessee State University

Panel 20: ROUNDTABLE: Teaching with Images and Multimedia-Perspectives from Ohio State’s Goldberg Center and Elsewhere (Pfahl 340)
Sponsored by the SHAFR Teaching Committee

Chair: Mark T. Gilderhus, Texas Christian University

Teaching with Images at OSU’s Goldberg Center
David J. Staley, Harvey Goldberg Program for Excellence in Teaching, Ohio State University

Using Images to Teach the History of U.S. Foreign Relations
Carol Jackson Adams, Webster University
Gary R. Hess, Bowling Green State University
Kristin Hoganson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Matthew Loayza, Minnesota State University, Mankato

Commentary and Discussion on Contents and Methods: Audience and Speakers

Luncheon and Presidential Address: (11:00am - 1:00pm)
(Ballroom BC. Pre-registration is required.)

“Winning an election is terribly important, Henry”: Thinking about Domestic Politics and U.S. Foreign Relations
Thomas A. Schwartz, Vanderbilt University, SHAFR President

SESSION IV (1:00-3:00 P.M.)

Panel 21: ROUNDTABLE: Integrating Intelligence History in Academe and Government (Pfahl 140)

Chair: Richard Immerman, Temple University and ODNI

John Ferris, University of Calgary
David Rosenberg, Institute for Defense Analyses
David Robarge, CIA History Staff
Michael Warner, ODNI History Staff

Panel 22: “A Concept, Not a Topic”: Public Diplomacy, Imperial Culture and U.S. Foreign Relations (Pfahl 202)

Chair: TBA

U.S. Public Diplomacy and the Remapping of the Pax Americana
David Snyder, Central Michigan University

Cultural Diplomacy and Civil Society Since 1850, or the Anomaly of the Cold War
Jessica Gienow-Hecht, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main

Domestic Context and Public Diplomacy: German Rehabilitation in Cold War America
Brian Etheridge, Louisiana Tech University

Commentator: The Audience

Panel 23: A National Security Court: The Supreme Court and Foreign Relations, 1789-1812 (Pfahl 230)

Chair: James Broussard, Lebanon Valley College

A National Security Court
Matthew P. Harrington, University of Montreal

The Supreme Court and its Grand Jury Charges, 1789-1801
Brook Poston, Texas Christian University

The Supreme Court and the Expansion of Federal Power, 1801-1812
Paul Finkelman, Albany Law School

Commentator: Elizabeth Kelly Gray, Towson University

Panel 24: The United States in the Middle East: Diplomacy, Strategy, and Nationalism, 1958-1996 (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Salim Yaqub, University of California at Santa Barbara

Black September: Balance of Power Diplomacy and Contested State Identity in Jordan
Clea Lutz Bunch, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

U.S. Military Assistance to Israel During the 1973 War: A Critical Reappraisal
Zach Levey, University of Haifa

America and Kurdish Nationalism, 1958-1996
Douglas Little, Clark University

Commentator: Salim Yaqub, University of California at Santa Barbara

Panel 25: The Unconventional Cold War in the Developing World, 1953-1971 (Pfahl 330)

Chair: John Soares, University of Notre Dame

Regime Change in Iraq: The Eisenhower Administration and the 1958 Iraqi Revolution
Kenneth Osgood, Florida Atlantic University

Divergent Channels: U.S.-Soviet Back Channels and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Richard A. Moss, George Washington University

“Over the Heads of the Leaders”: The Propaganda Battle between India and the United States, 1953-1961
Eric D. Pullin, Carthage College

Commentator: Hugh Wilford, California State University, Long Beach

Panel 26: Diplomacy and Global Governance: Culture, Technology, and Nature (Pfahl 340)

Chair: Amy L. Sayward, Middle Tennessee State University

Virginia Gildersleeve and the Founding of the United Nations: Women Delegates at International Governmental Conferences
Christy Jo Snider, Berry College

Let there be Light … and Bread: United Nations Agencies and Grain Irradiation for the Developing World
Jacob Darwin Hamblin, Clemson University

Global Governance and Various Ways of Saving the Whales
Kurk Dorsey, University of New Hampshire

Commentator: Amy L. Sayward, Middle Tennessee State University


SESSION V (3:30pm - 5:30pm)

Panel 27: Rethinking the Truman Era: The Politics of Culture in the Early Cold War (Pfahl 202)

Chair: Andrew L. Johns, Brigham Young University

Post-War Mutiny: Class and International Insurgency in the American Armed Forces Between World War and Cold War
Daniel Eugene Garcia, College of New Rochelle

Cold War Fantasy: The Social Construction of American Strategy in the Korean War Era
Masuda Hajimu, Cornell University

Commentator: Kenneth Osgood, Florida Atlantic University

Panel 28: Beyond the Holy Land: The United States and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1944-1960 (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Matthew Jacobs, University of Florida

Developing the Holy Land: Intellectual Mobilization and the U.S. Palestine Debate in the 1940s
Chapin Rydingsward, Ohio State University

“The Only Thorn”: Early Saudi-American Relations and the Question of Palestine, 1947-1949
Maurice Jr. Labelle, University of Ottawa

Capital and a Blind Eye: American Approaches toward Dimona during the 1950s
Jacob Hogan, University of Ottawa

Commentator: Matthew Jacobs, University of Florida

Panel 29: Modernization and Nation-Building in Vietnam, 1961-1973 (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Gary Hess, Bowling Green State University

Destroy or Build: The Johnson Administration’s Pacification Program in South Vietnam, 1964-1968
Kristin L. Ahlberg, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

To Move Whose Nation? American and South Vietnamese Conceptions of Nation-Building through Civic Action, 1961-1963
Geoff Stewart, University of Western Ontario

From Counter-Insurgency to Narco-Insurgency: Vietnam, “Nation-Building” and the International War on Drugs
Jeremy Kuzmarov, Bucknell University

“The Nucleus of Craftsmen Needed to Build a Firm National Foundation”: The Office of Civilian Personnel and Nation-building in Vietnam, 1965-1973
Edmund F. Wehrle, Eastern Illinois University

Commentator: Gary Hess, Bowling Green State University

Panel 30: Idealism and Limitations: Wilsonian Foreign Policy, East and West (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Lloyd Ambrosius, University of Nebraska

“We have forgotten that nation”: Jiaozhou, China between the United States and Japan, August-November 1914
Shawn D. McAvoy, Arizona State University

“Property can be paid for, innocent lives cannot”: Woodrow Wilson, Maritime Law, and the World Order
Sam Negus, Texas Christian University

The Democratic Warrior: Woodrow Wilson as War Leader
Robert H. Butts, Texas Christian University

Japan-U.S. Relations and America’s Withdrawal from Siberia
Shusuke Takahara, Kyoto Sangyo University

Commentator: Lloyd Ambrosius, University of Nebraska

Panel 31: Americanization and Its Discontents: U.S. Economic and Cultural Expansion, 1890-1941 (Pfahl 340)

Chair: T. Christopher Jespersen, North Georgia College and State University

Commerce, Christianity, and Globalization: Popular Anxieties over American Business Expansion, 1890s to 1930s
Christopher Endy, California State University, Los Angeles

Empire in Transition: United Fruit in Central America, 1920-1936
Jason M. Colby, University of Victoria

Hollywood Goes Global: The Case of Pre-World War II Japan
Hiroshi Kitamura, College of William and Mary

Commentator: Kristin Hoganson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Panel 32: ROUNDTABLE: Is SHAFR Sexist? A Report and Discussion (Pfahl 140)
Sponsored by the SHAFR Ad Hoc Committee on the Status of Women

Chair: Anna K. Nelson, American University

Petra Goedde, Temple University
Barbara Keys, University of Melbourne
Andrew Rotter, Colgate University
Kelly Shannon, Temple University
Deb Ballam, Ohio State University

Plenary Session (7pm – 9pm)
(Pfahl 140)

Moderator: Amy L. Sayward, Middle Tennessee State University

Presidential Power and the War on Terrorism
John Yoo, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley

Commentator: David D. Cole, Georgetown University Law Center

Registration: 8:00am – 5:00pm (Lobby)
Book Exhibit: 8:00am – 5:00pm (Ballroom A)
Refreshments: 8:00am – 9:00am, & 3:00pm – 3:15pm (Lobby)

DH Editorial Board Meeting: 7:45am – 9:00am (Pfahl 102)

Breakfast (7:30am - 9:00am)
Graduate Student Breakfast Meeting (Ballroom B)

Don’t Put All Your Eggs into Academia’s Basket

Chair: Josip Mocnik, Bowling Green State University

John Powers, Information and Security Oversight Office, National Archives
Christopher J. Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State
Samuel W. Rushay, Harry S. Truman Library

SESSION VI (9-11 A.M.)

Panel 33: Theodore Roosevelt and America’s Great Power Status (Pfahl 202)

Chair: John Milton Cooper, University of Wisconsin—Madison

Naval Affairs: Theodore Roosevelt and the Use of Public Relations to Increase the US Navy and America’s Great Power Status
Lori Lyn Bogle, United States Naval Academy

The President and the Sultan: Theodore Roosevelt Confronts the Eastern Question, 1903-1908
Anne Louise Antonoff, University of Pennsylvania

“Mr. Roosevelt’s Costume”: Great Power Status, U.S.-European Relations, and the Problem of Dress at the Funeral of King Edward VII
Nicole Phelps, University of Vermont

Power and Ethics: Theodore Roosevelt, World War I, and the Idea of a League of Nations
Ross A. Kennedy, Illinois State University

Commentator: John Milton Cooper, University of Wisconsin—Madison

Panel 34: Atlanticism, Independence, and Early American Foreign Relations (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Mark Stoler, Williams College

North American Initiatives, Euro-Atlantic Relations, and the Outbreak of the Seven Years War, 1752-1756
Matt Schumann, Eastern Michigan University

A Messiah that Will Never Come: American Independence, British Reconciliation Efforts, and the Franco-American Alliance
Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

George Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality and the Struggle for Public Opinion: How Foreign Affairs Contributed to the Democratization of American Politics
Christopher J. Young, Indiana University Northwest

A Trans-Atlantic Divide in an American City: Baltimore and the War of 1812 in International Perspective
Stephanie R. Hurter, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Commentator: Mark Stoler, Williams College

Panel 35: The Ends of Development: Modernization in Crisis in the 1960s (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Michael Adas, Rutgers University

What if They Held a Famine and Nobody Starved? Johnson, Gandhi, and the Bihar Crisis of 1967
Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Paul Ehrlich’s The Population Bomb: India, Modernization, and U.S. Environmentalism
Thomas Robertson, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

“Everything is Going Wrong”: The Unraveling of the Postwar Liberal Development Consensus in the 1960s
David Ekbladh, Tufts University

Commentator: Michael Adas, Rutgers University

Panel 36: ROUNDTABLE: Reevaluating the Study of U.S.-East Asian Relations: Sources, Approaches, and Pedagogy (Pfahl 140)

Chair: Evan Dawley, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Jessica Chapman, University of California at Santa Barbara
Rustin Gates, Bradley University
Bonnie Sue Kim, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State
Joseph Wicentowski, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Panel 37: U.S. Allies in Europe in the Years of the Vietnam War and Détente, 1961-1973 (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Klaus Larres, University of Ulster

The Impact of U.S. Policy in Southeast Asia on Franco-German Relations, 1961-1966
Eugenie Blang, Hampton University

Britain and the Four-Power Berlin Talks, 1970
Ken Nannichi, King’s College London

Losing the “China Card”? France, China, and the Vietnam War, 1968-1973
Yuko Torikata, Osaka University

“Special” or Just “Natural”? Nixon, Heath, and Transatlantic Relations during the Vietnam War, 1970-1974
Asaf Siniver, University of Birmingham

Commentator: William Glenn Gray, Purdue University

Panel 38: Military Power and American Values: U.S. Policy toward Latin American Regimes during the Cold War (Panel 340)

Chair: Douglas W. Kraft, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Opening Pandora’s Box: The 1969 Tacnazo, U.S. Policy, and Chile’s 1970 Presidential Election
Mark Hove, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Between Pressure and Support: US Human Rights Policy to Argentina after the Military Coup of 1976 and the “Moderates”
Alejandro Avenburg, University of Buenos Aires

Competition, Collaboration, and Human Rights: The “Third World War” and U.S.-Argentine Relations, 1976-1980
William Michael Schmidli, Cornell University

Commentator: Douglas W. Kraft, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Luncheon Address (11:00am - 1:00pm)
(Ballroom BC. Pre-registration is required.)

The National Security Challenges Facing America
Congressman Joe Sestak (D-PA)

SESSION VII (1:00pm – 3:00pm)

Panel 39: Negotiating Unilateralism: National Approaches and Transnational Reponses to US Foreign Policy (Pfahl 202)

Chair: Nathaniel Smith, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Bilateralism, Unilateralism, and Transnationalism: The Canada-US Relationship and the Development of the North American Air Defence System, 1949 to 1956
Matthew Trudgen, Queen’s University

Privilege, Power, and Posturing: US, France and the World’s Money
Michelle Frasher-Rae, Ohio University

George Bush and the Persian Gulf War (1990-91): An Internationalist Approach to Foreign Policy
Christopher Maynard, University of North Alabama

Commentator: Nathaniel Smith, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Panel 40: Disaster, Drugs, and Free Trade: Latin America and New Approaches (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Local Quake, Global Tremors: Privatization, International Aid, and the Mexico City Earthquake of 1985
Alexander Poster, Ohio State University

Reagan’s Wars: Drugs, the Contras, and Crossfire
Michelle Reeves, University of Texas at Austin

The Caribbean Basin Initiative: The Impact of Reagan Economic Ideology and Foreign Policy
Michael Wood, Texas Christian University

Commentator: Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Panel 41: Ethnicity, Religion, and Transnationalism (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Richard M. Filipink, Western Illinois University

Between Rome and the Mississippi: The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a Design for a New South, 1894-1907
Lauren H. Braun, University of Illinois at Chicago

Pogroms and the Politics of Humanitarian Aid: American Jews, the American Relief Administration, and Famine Relief in Eastern Europe, 1919-1921
Sonja P. Wentling, Concordia College

George Sylvester Viereck and the Struggle against British Re-Colonization, 1914-1945
Gregory Kupsky, Ohio State University

American Catholics and the American Policy towards Mexico and Spain
Brian Kennedy, Ohio State University

Commentator: David Steigerwald, Ohio State University, Marion

Panel 42: The United States and the Gulf Region at the Time of the British Withdrawal, 1968-1973 (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Miriam Joyce, Purdue University, Calumet

Nesting Imperialisms: The Struggle for Influence in the Creation of the United Arab Emirates
Kristi Barnwell, University of Texas, Austin

America Watches as Britain Births a New Gulf Order, 1968-1971
Jeffrey R. Macris, U.S. Naval Academy

“The Shah says he agrees with your view of the Gulf” The Johnson Administration and the Emerging New Order in the Gulf
Federico Velez, Zayed University

Commentator: Miriam Joyce, Purdue University, Calumet

Panel 43: Dealing with Democracies: American Relations with India, France and Israel, 1966-1974 (Pfahl 340)

Chair: Chester Pach, Ohio University

Triangulation and the “Tilt”: U.S. Policy toward India during the 1971 East Pakistan Crisis
Tanvi Madan, University of Texas at Austin

America and the Gaullist Challenge from LBJ to Nixon
Carolyne V. Davidson, Yale University

Henry Kissinger and the American Supply of Arms to Israel in the Yom Kippur War
Brandon King, University of Toronto

Commentator: Chester Pach, Ohio University


SESSION VIII (3:15pm - 5:15pm)

Panel 44: Early Origins of the Cold War in Asia (Pfahl 202)

Chair: Arnold Offner, Lafayette College

Harry S Truman and the Distant Vista of Indochine
Nicole L. Anslover, Waldorf College

Clark Clifford and the Ghost of the Korean War
Brian Clancy, University of Western Ontario

Creating the Dilemma: John Melby and U.S. Policy toward China, 1946-1948
John M. Rosenberg, University of Kansas

The Origins of the US-Japan Alliance and Britain’s Role Therein, 1948-1951
Tomoki Kuniyoshi, London School of Economics

Commentator: Arnold Offner, Lafayette College

Panel 45: Biblical Prophecy and U.S. Policy in the Modern Age (Pfahl 230)

Chair: Ira Chernus, University of Colorado at Boulder

America, Left Behind: Bush, the Neoconservatives and Evangelical Christian Fiction
Hugh B. Urban, Ohio State University

The “Last Days”: Conservative Christian End Times Prophecy and U.S. Cold War Policy, 1979-1991
Erik Benson, Cornerstone University

Under the Radar: Bible Prophecy, U.S. Foreign Policy, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1948-1967
Eric R. Crouse, Tyndale University College

Commentator: Ira Chernus, University of Colorado at Boulder

Panel 46: War, Race, and National Identity: Reconfigurations from World War II to Vietnam (Pfahl 240)

Chair: Catherine Forslund, Rockford College

Why We Fought: Reconfiguring American Patriotism in the 1940s
Michaela Hoenicke Moore, University of Iowa

A War of Color? The Race of Combat in Korea
Mike Green, Northwestern University

En Route to Hanoi: (National) Identities and International Revolution
Fabian Hilfrich, University of Edinburgh

“Ghetto Guerillas”: African Americans, Military Service, and Identity in the Vietnam Era
Charlotte Cahill, Northwestern University

Commentator: Catherine Forslund, Rockford College

Panel 47: The United States and the Third World in the 1960s (Pfahl 330)

Chair: Kenton Clymer, Northern Illinois University

Dueling Conferences: The Chinese-Indonesian Challenge to American Hegemony, 1964-1965
Laura Iandola, Northern Illinois University

Less than “Concrete Assistance”: The United States and the African “Frontline” States in the 1960s
Rob Rakove, University of Virginia

PHILCAG: Filipino Involvement in the Vietnam War
Matthew Jagel, Northern Illinois University

Commentator: Mark Atwood Lawrence, University of Texas and Yale University

Panel 48: The Far Reach of U.S. Empire, 1890s-1940s (Pfahl 340)

Chair: Carol Chin, University of Toronto

Still the Worst Chapter? US Imperialism and Narratives of US History
Anne Foster, Indiana State University

Scott v. Sanford, Plessy v. Ferguson, and Imperial Ideology in Early 20th Century America
Cary Fraser, Penn State University

Guantánamo: A Working-Class History between Empire and Revolution
Jana Lipman, Saint Joseph’s College

Commentator: Carol Chin, University of Toronto

Social Event (5:15pm - 10:00pm)

(Bus departs from The Blackwell. Pre-registration is required.)

Baseball game: Columbus Clippers vs Indianapolis Indians


Conference Venue

The deadline for acquiring a room at The Blackwell under our reduced rate has now passed. You can still call and inquire, but at last check they had only "lofts" (suites) available. Please note that even if a room becomes available, they are no longer obligated to honor our reduced rate. NOTE: There are still rooms available at a reduced rate at Holiday Inn on the Lane and the rate will be honored until June 4th.

The Blackwell Inn

This year’s conference will be held at The Blackwell, an inn and conference center on the campus of The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. SHAFR has secured a limited number of rooms at a reduced rate. The deadline for receiving this rate is May 26, 2008. Please note that the hotel is required to honor our reduced rate until this date OR until all the rooms in our reserved bloc have been booked. Once our bloc is full, the hotel will offer rooms at its usual rate, if rooms are available, or may even be completely booked. Please make your reservations as early as you can.

Rates are $129/night per room for single or double occupancy and $179 per room for the inn’s “Loft” rooms (suites). Please use the link below to make your reservation, find out more information about the hotel, and to get directions to The Blackwell. You may also call 1-866-247-4003 to make a reservation.

To receive our reduced rate, you must enter the code “SHAFR0608.”

Holiday Inn on the Lane

A bloc of 75 rooms has also been reserved for the nights of Wednesday, June 25 to Saturday, June 28 at the Holiday Inn on the Lane, 328 West Lane Avenue, a short walk from the Blackwell Inn and Conference Center. Rates for single and double rooms are $99 per night. The bloc of rooms will be reserved for SHAFR Conference attendees until June 4, 2008.

Please use the link below to make your reservation and to get directions to Holiday Inn.
You may also make reservations directly with the Holiday Inn by telephoning 614-294-4848 (or faxing 614-294-5366).

To receive our reduced rate, you must enter the code “DOH.”

On-Campus Housing

Our original block of rooms on-campus is sold out.

On-Campus Housing:

A bloc of rooms of varying occupancies on the North Campus of Ohio State University will also be available at a cost of:
Single - $52.00/night per person
Double - $26.00/night per person
Multiples - $21.00/night per person

Full linen service is included. Housing will be provided at a location within walking distance to The Blackwell, where conference events will be held.

Individual Invoices will be utilized at the 24/7 North Campus desk in the Royer Activity Center's Living Room (85 Curl Drive, Columbus, OH 43210). Check-in is available after 3:00pm, Check-out is 11:00am. Guests must pay upon arrival with either VISA, Mastercard, Cash, Check, Money Order, or Travelers Check.

Directions, dorm accommodation information, parking and check-in/check-out details can all be found at: under the "F.A.Q." and "Parking & Transportation" sections.

Guests are welcome to purchase meals from any of the dining locations on campus via cash or credit card during their stay.

Parking Passes can also be purchased from the 24/7 North Campus desk in the Royer Activity Center's Living Room at a cost of $5/day. Passes can be purchased via cash, check (made to The Ohio State University) or Visa/MasterCard.

Guests may check in as early as Wednesday, June 25th and must check out by Sunday, June 29th.

To reserve an on-campus room, please follow these directions, provided by Matthew Gaul, Program Director, Conference Services

Send an email to:

Matthew Gaul
[email protected]

with the subject line: “SHAFR Conference Request 2008"

plus the following information:

  • Full Name: Last, First, MI
  • Email address.
  • Date and approx. time of arrival.
  • Date and approx. time of departure.
  • Room Occupancy (Single, Double, etc.).
  • Roommate request. If Double/Triple/Quad is selected above, but no specific roommate is requested, Conference Services will room guests together with similar room occupancy requests. This will give guests the option of controlling their housing costs a bit more, even if they do not have another roommate in mind.
  • # of Parking Passes needed? (Guests can also request them upon arrival)
  • Special Requests? (ADA compliant rooms, etc.)

Once space is requested by a guest, he/she will receive a PDF confirmation via email within 24 hours. We invite guests to bring a copy of this confirmation with them to Royer to expedite the check-in process.

Conference attendees are free to contact Matthew Gaul with any questions regarding on-campus housing, meals and parking during the registration process via his email at ([email protected]) or office line (614-292-8597).



Parking is available at The Blackwell for $9/day for daily guests and $15/overnight for hotel guests.

Registrants staying in on-campus housing may park for $5/day. Passes may be purchased upon arrival or pre-ordered when making housing reservations. Parking will be available in the “C” lots on North Campus: the Jesse Owens lot on Neil Avenue and the Taylor Tower lot on Curl Drive. A map can be found at:


Arriving by car:

Driving directions and a map can be found at:

Arriving by air at Port Columbus International Airport:

Port Columbus is served by Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) public bus service, which is available to take you almost anywhere in the city. Schedules and rates are listed on the COTA Website:

Guests staying at The Blackwell can find information about the hotel airport shuttle at:

Those renting cars at the airport can find directions from the airport to The Blackwell at the link above, in the ‘Arriving by Car” section.


Contact Information

For questions or comments please contact Sara Wilson at [email protected]

Book Exhibit and Advertisers


The following exhibitors will be represented at the conference:
Association Book Exhibit
Cambridge University Press
Cornell University Press
Gerald Ford Library
Harvard University Press
Houghton Mifflin
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Kent State University Press
M.E. Sharpe
University of North Carolina Press
Oxford University Press
Readex (Division of NewsBank)
Scholar’s Choice
Stanford University Press
Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group)
University Press of Kentucky


We thank the many organizations who placed advertisements in our printed program. Unfortunately, the advertisement for University of North Carolina Press was inadvertently excluded from the printed booklet. By way of apology, and for the benefit of our members who are interested in UNC’s offerings, we have agreed to place the ad on our website, something we do not normally offer advertisers. Please see below, or click the link for a PDF version of the ad.

The advertisement for University of North Carolina Press 


SHAFR Baseball Outing


SHAFR will be sponsoring a group trip to the ballpark on Saturday evening, June 28, to watch the Columbus Clippers (AAA affiliate of the Washington Nationals) play the Indianapolis Indians (AAA affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates).

Bus transportation will be provided from the Blackwell Inn to the stadium, and then returning after the game. Buses will begin running at 5:15, and will shuttle back and forth until 6:15.

Dinner will be served at a special picnic area behind the left field fence (see photo below), beginning at 5:30. The tentative menu will include the following: Italian sausage and peppers; baked chicken; macaroni and cheese, baked beans; fruit salad; cookies; and drinks. Vegetarian orders can be placed through the organizers by sending an e-mail request to: [email protected].

The cost for the entire event is $31.00 ($26 for graduate students), and includes transportation, dinner, and a game ticket. Tickets only, without dinner or transportation, can also be ordered through SHAFR for $9.00 each, by contacting the organizers at [email protected] with your request. More information about the game can be found at the Clippers web page linked here.

Please note that refunds will NOT be offered if the event is cancelled due to poor weather.

Don’t miss out on what is sure to be the single greatest sporting event in all of human history!