nThe Society For Historians of American Foreign Relations

nAnnual Meeting 2005, College Park Maryland



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SHAFR Conference Schedule
June 23-25, 2005


Registration: 10:00am - 5:30pm (Lower Level)
Book Exhibit: 10:00am - 5:00pm (Lower Level)
Refreshments: 10:00am -12:00pm & 3:00pm - 3:30pm (Lower Level)

SPECIAL LUNCH PANEL: 11:00am – 12:45pm
Paradigms of the Past: The North Atlantic Triangle in the Pacific, 1930-1941 (Room B)

Chair: David Woolner, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute

A Force for Peace: Anglo-American Diplomatic Relations and the Far Eastern Crisis, 1932-1941
Greg Kennedy, King’s College London

The Stimson-Simon Controversy and Anglo-American Far Eastern Relations, 1932-1945
Keith Neilson, Royal Military College of Canada

The Past is Too Far Away: One Historian’s Experience with the
Policy World
Galen Roger Perras, University of Ottawa

Commentator: David Woolner

SESSION I: 1:00pm - 3:00pm

PANEL 1: Economic Growth as Ideology and Practice: American Influence and European Modernization, 1945-1973 (Room B)

Chair: Mary Nolan, New York University

Washington, The Hague, and the Politics of Productivity, 1945-1955
Richard T. Griffiths, University of Leiden

From the Revolt of the Masses to the ‘Revolution of Rising Expectations’
David W. Ellwood, SAIS, University of Bologna

‘A Model of Licentiousness:’ Growth, Redistribution, and the Critique of the American Model in Postwar Dutch Economic Thought
David J. Snyder, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Commentator: Richard Kuisel, Georgetown University
Mary Nolan

PANEL 2: Personalities and Personality Conflicts in Sino-American Relations, 1946-1974 (Room C)

Chair: Maochun Yu, United States Naval Academy

A Death in Shanghai: Zang Da Ao Zi in Chinese-American Relations
Mark F. Wilkinson, Virginia Military Institute

Alfred Kohlberg and the Two-Front War against Communism
Robert Herzstein, University of South Carolina

Pawns of the Cold War: John Foster Dulles, the PRC, and the Imprisonment of John Downey and Richard Fecteau
Daniel Rubin, University of Maryland, College Park

Nixon and the Opening to China: An Evaluation
Evelyn Goh, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Commentator: John Earl Haynes, Library of Congress

PANEL 3: Popular Culture in the Early Cold War (Auditorium)

Chair: Robbie Lieberman, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

The H-Bomb and You: Portrayals of the Atomic Bomb in Comic Books, 1945-1954
Paul Hirsch, University of California, Santa Barbara

Producing Hollywood’s Cold War: The Anticommunist Campaign Against an Un-American Screen
John Sbardellati, University of California, Santa Barbara

Beatniks and Apparatchiks: The Cold War and the Beats
Bryan Wuthrich, Santa Fe Community College, Florida

Commentator: Veronica Wilson, University of Pittsburgh, Johnstown

PANEL 4: Speaking of Values: The Rhetoric of British and American Diplomacy (Room A)

Chair: Joseph A. Fry, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Spiritual Challenge from the East?: John Foster Dulles, SEATO, and the Bandung Conference, 1954-1955
Matthew Jones, University of Nottingham

The Popular Origins of the Anglo-American Special Relationship: The Honourable Artillery Company’s 1903 American Tour
Andrew Preston, University of Victoria

Beyond Bretton Woods: Competing Global Visions of Global Monetary Order, 1971-1974
Ian R.W. Jackson, De Montfort University

The Face of Evil: Rhetoric and War from Thomas Jefferson to
George W. Bush
Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

Commentator: Mark Lawrence, University of Texas, Austin

PANEL 5: The Marshall Plan and Austria: Past and Present (Room D)

Chair: James Jay Carafano, The Heritage Foundation

The Marshall Plan Movie in Austria: Political Intermediality and Narrative Techniques
Ramón Reichert, Kunstuniversität, Linz

Marshall Plan Money and Tutelage: Austria and the United States in the late 1950s
Martin Kofler, Independent Scholar, Innsbruck

Reconstructing Austria: The Marshall Plan in an Exhibition at the Museum of Technology and Science Vienna
Helmut Lackner, Museum of Technology and Science, Vienna
Georg Rigele, Independent Scholar, Vienna

Commentator: Hans-Juergen Schröder, University of Giessen

PANEL 6: Change and Continuity in the Kennedy-Johnson Years (Room E)

Chair: Kristen L. Ahlberg, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

Domestic Containment: The Handling of General Eisenhower by the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations
Richard M. Filipink, Jr., SUNY-Fredonia

Ralph Dungan, Lincoln Gordon, and the Struggle for the Soul of the Alliance for Progress, 1964-1967
Andrew J. Kirkendall, Texas A&M University

Reducing the American Burden: U.S. Mediation between the Republic of Korea and Japan, 1961-1965
Midori Yoshii, Albion College

Commentator: Alan McPherson, Howard University

SESSION II: 3:30pm - 5:30pm

PANEL 7: The Interwar Experience of the 1920s and 1930s: Lessons in Understanding American Approaches and Attitudes toward
Peacemaking and New World Orders (Room B)

Chair: Greg Kennedy, King’s College, London

Herbert Hoover, FDR, and Their Different Approaches to Global Leadership in the Interwar and Second World War Periods
Andrew Williams, University of Kent, Canterbury

Cordell Hull, the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act, and the Post-War Economic Order
David Woolner, Marist College

An Olympian Adviser: Sumner Welles and an American Vision of a Postwar World in 1940
J. Simon Rofe, King’s College, London

The Idea of a New World Order is No New Idea
Jeremy Kennard, University of Kent, Canterbury

Commentator: Greg Kennedy

PANEL 8: A Reappraisal of Wilsonian Policy: Influences, Motivations, and Consequences (Room C)

Chair: Lloyd Ambrosius, University of Nebraska

Real Life Administrator or the Fictional Philip Dru: Edward M. House and His Influence on Wilsonian Foreign Policy
Robert H. Butts, Texas Christian University

Wilson’s Admirals: Frank Fletcher, Henry Mayo, and the Occupation of Veracruz, 1914
Larry Bartlett, Texas Christian University

The Elusive Separate Peace: Wilson’s Attempts to ‘Drive a Wedge’ Between Austria-Hungary and Germany
Carol Jackson Adams, Ottawa University, Kansas City

Twenty Five Years in the Making: Woodrow Wilson, Hollywood, and Internationalism
Scott Cowin, Texas Christian University

Commentator: Lloyd Ambrosius

PANEL 9: Lyndon Johnson Confronts Asia (Room D)

Chair: Andrew L. Johns, Brigham Young University

The Cross-Examiner: Clark Clifford, South Vietnam, and the Question of Cold War Credibility, 1966-1967
Brian Clancy, University of Western Ontario

Staying Out of this Chinese Muddle: The Johnson Administration’s Response to the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969
Michael Lumbers, London School of Economics

Supporting Benign Authoritarianism: The Johnson Administration and South Korean Politics
Sang-Yoon Ma, Catholic University of Korea

LBJ and Nuclear Problems in South Asia
Eliza Matthews, University of Queensland

Commentator: Andrew Preston, University of Victoria

PANEL 10: Caring for Transatlantic Relations: NATO Personalities in the 1960s (Room E)

Chair: Erin R. Mahan, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

In Defense of the West: General R.L. Norstad, NATO Nuclear Forces, and Transatlantic Relations
Ralph Dietl, Queen’s University, Belfast

Pen Pals: Dean Acheson, Dirk Stikker, and NATO Problems, 1959-1961
Christian Nuenlist, Center for Security Studies, Zurich

At the Pulse of the Alliance?: NATO Ambassadors Thomas Finletter, Harlan Cleveland, and Europe, 1962-1966
Anna Locher, Center for Security Studies, Zurich

Commentator: William Burr, National Security Archive

PANEL 11: Science, Politics, and the American Nuclear Weapons Program, 1940-1951 (Room A)

Chair: Kai Bird, Independent Scholar

The Other Manhattan: The Atomic Bombings Viewed from Tinian
Michael D. Gordin, Princeton University

Moving Targets: Nuclear Targeting and the Ethics of Mass Killing, 1940-1945
Sean L. Malloy, University of California, Merced

Manhattan Project Scientists and the Internationalization of Domestic Anticommunism
Shawn Mullet, Harvard University

Commentator: Barton J. Bernstein, Stanford University

PANEL 12: New Approaches to U.S. Interventionism in Latin America (Auditorium)

Chair: Dennis Merrill, University of Missouri, Kansas City

Race, Gender, and Religion and the U.S. Intervention in British Guiana, 1953-1969
Stephen G. Rabe, University of Texas, Dallas

In the American Grain: The Construction of Internal Security in the Americas, 1961-1969
William O. Walker, III, University of Toronto

Commentator: Emily S. Rosenberg, Macalester College

RECEPTION: 5:30pm - 7:00pm

7:00pm - 9:00pm

Lessons of Vietnam: Alliance Politics and the Legacy of Losing (Auditorium)

Chair: David Anderson, California State University, Monterey Bay

Falling Dominoes: The United States, Vietnam, and the War in Iraq
Matthew Masur, St. Anselm College

The Lessons of Vietnam and Alliance Maintenance
Kathryn C. Statler, University of San Diego

‘Tired of Being Treated Like a Schoolboy’: U.S.-Iranian Relations in the Shadow of Vietnam
Andrew L. Johns, Brigham Young University

Changing American Missions: The Impact of the Vietnam War on the State Department
Jason C. Parker, West Virginia University

Commentator: Luu Doan Huynh, Institute for International Relations, Hanoi
Robert K. Brigham, Vassar College


Registration: 8:30am - 5:30pm (Lower Level)
Book Exhibit: 8:30am - 5:00pm (Lower Level)
Refreshments: 8;30am - 9:30am & 3:00pm - 3:30pm (Lower Level)

SESSION I: 9:00am - 11:00am

PANEL 13: Religion, Outreach, and Persecution in American Diplomacy (Room B)

Chair: Michael Krenn, Appalachian State University

Traitors to a Christian Nation: Mormons in the American Empire of the West
Gerrit John Dirkmaat, University of Colorado, Boulder

Armies of Mercy: American Religious Welfare Organizations and the Allied War Effort in World War I
Kenneth Steuer, Indiana University

The Great Game Continued: Post 1945 Transatlantic Relations with the Eastern Orthodox Church
Jill Edwards, American University of Cairo

Commentator: Michael Krenn

PANEL 14: From Parchment to the PC: Research in American Foreign Relations in the National Archives (Room A)

Chair: James J. Hastings, Director of Access Programs, National Archives

A General Overview of Electronic Records for Historians of American Foreign Relations
Margaret Adams, Electronic and Special Media Records Services Division,
National Archives

Foreign Relations and Electronic Records at NARA
William P. Fischer, Electronic and Special Media Records Services Division,
National Archives

Diplomatic Paper Trails: An Overview of Textual Records at the National Archives
Michael Hussey, Civilian Records, Textual Archives Services Division,
National Archives

Using the 1973-1974 Central Foreign Policy Files on the Internet
Marvin F. Russell, Civilian Records, Textual Archives Services Division,
National Archives

PANEL 15: Rethinking One Hundred Years of American-Ottoman Relations (Room C)

Chair: Robert Allison, Suffolk University

Early American Relations with the Middle East: An Overview of the Scholarship and Suggestions for Synthesis
Timothy M. Roberts, Bilkent University, Ankara

Opium and Orientalism: Early American Trade in the Levant, 1797-1839
Rebecca Robinson, University of Kansas

Constantinople Women’s College: America’s Mission and Evangelical Feminism, 1875-1908
Barbara Reeves-Ellington, Siena College

The Crescent and the Eagle: Evolution of the American Image in the Ottoman Empire from the Tripolitan Wars to the Great War
Cagri Erhan, Ankara University

PANEL 16: Protesters Without Borders: Transnational Movements and U.S. Foreign Policy (Room D)

Chair: Ralph B. Levering, Davidson College

The Diplomacy of Withdrawal: Drug Treatment in a Transnational Context
Nathaniel Smith, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

“Betrayal, Treason, Un-American Activities,” or Recovery of American Ideas? Federal Union and the Formative Moment of Postwar U.S. Diplomacy
Tiziana Stella, Euro-Atlantic Institute of International
Integration Studies

From Thermonuclear to Antinuclear: Scientists and the Test Ban, 1957-1963
Paul Rubinson, University of Texas, Austin

From Opposition to Cooperation: Transnational Groups and American Policy towards the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Sarah Snyder, Georgetown University

Commentator: Amy L. S. Staples, Middle Tennessee State University

PANEL 17: From the Inside Out: The Influence of Electoral Politics on U.S. Foreign Policy (Auditorium)

Chair: Peter Hahn, Ohio State University

A New York State of Mind: The New York State Liberal Party and President Truman’s Decision to Recognize Israel
Adam M. Howard, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

We Know that a Grain of Wheat is a Potent Weapon in the Arsenal
of Freedom: The Johnson Administration and Israeli Food Aid
Kristen L. Ahlberg, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

The Southern Strategy Reconsidered: The Influence of U.S.
Foreign Policy
Craig A. Daigle, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

Commentator: Leo Ribuffo, George Washington University

PANEL 18: Neither Venus nor Mars: The Mix of Hard and Soft Power and the Successes of U.S. Atlanticist Strategy in the Twentieth Century (Room E)

Chair: Donald N. Jensen, George Washington University

The Atlanticist Establishment and its Successful Strategy after the 1890s
Ira Straus, Committee on Eastern Europe and Russia in NATO

The League of Free Nations Associations: The First Organized Attempt to Move Policy Toward a Union of Democracies
Donald Dennis, Foreign Policy Association

Sources and Concept of Postwar Cultural Diplomacy
Richard Arndt, Columbia University

Commentator: Richard C. Rowson, Council for a Community of Democracies

LUNCH BREAK: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Box lunch (on site - pre-order) or on your own (off site)

SPECIAL LUNCH PANEL: 11:45pm - 1:00pm
On Teaching Diplomatic History: A Preliminary Report from the Committee (Auditorium)

Chair: Mark Gilderhus, Texas Christian University

Mitch Lerner, Ohio State University, Newark
Carol Jackson Adams Ottawa University
Catherine Forslund, Rockford College
Richard Werking, U.S. Naval Academy

SHAFR Council Luncheon Meeting, 11:15am - 12:45pm
(UMD Inn and Conference Center)

SESSION II: 1:00pm - 3:00pm

PANEL 19: In Defense of Liberty: Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy (Room A)

Chair: Melvyn P. Leffler, University of Virginia

Deportation: The Origins of a National and International Power, 1
Torrie Hester, University of Oregon

Bill Donovan, the Office of Policy Coordination, and the Construction of a Cold War Ideology
Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University

Ideological Mobilization, Past and Present: Rhetorical Strategies from the Cold War to the War on Terror
Marc J. Selverstone, University of Virginia

A House Divided: Truman, Zhdanov, and the Beginning of the Cold
War, 1947
Jennifer W. See, University of California, Santa Barbara

Commentator: Robert J. McMahon, University of Florida

PANEL 20: Friends but Not Allies: U.S.-Irish Relations since 1941 (Room B)

Chair: David P. Kilroy, Wheeling Jesuit University

Anger, Spite, and ‘Manly Men’: The Role of Emotion in the Versailles Treaty Battle Between Woodrow Wilson and Irish-Americans
Kelly J. Shannon, University of Connecticut

Operation SAFEHAVEN and the Search for German Assets in Ireland
Korcaighe P. Hale, Ohio University

Neutral Ireland and the Defence of the North Atlantic Area: The Use of Shannon Airport by the United States Military in a Historical Perspective, 1941-2001
Michael Kennedy, Royal Irish Academy

Diplomatic Troubles: U.S.-Irish Relations and the Outbreak of the Violence in Northern Ireland, 1969-1972
Daniel C. Williamson, Hillyer College

Commentator: David P. Kilroy

PANEL 21: The Trials of Nation Building and Pacification: American Academics and Vietnam (Room C)

Chair: Jonathan Nashel, Indiana University, South Bend

A Place…in Our Hearts: Wesley R. Rishel and the Michigan State University Group
Joseph G. Morgan, Iona College

Hans J. Morgenthau and U.S. Nation Building in Vietnam: The Danger of Doing Too Much
Ellen G. Rafshoon, Georgia State University

Understanding the Enemy: The RAND Corporation’s Vietnam Interview project,
Jefferson P. Marquis, RAND Corporation

Commentator: John Ernst, Morehead State University

PANEL 22: From Human Rights and Détente to the Carter Doctrine of Containment: President Carter’s Foreign Policy Shift (Room D)

Chair: Scott Kaufman, Francis Marion University

Narrowing Down the Mission: The Carter Administration Treatment of Human
Rights, 1977
Itai Sneh, City University of New York

A Convenient Line in the Sand: The Carter Administration and the Yemeni Crisis of 1979
Joe Constance, Boston University

In Search of a Strong Response: President Carter and the Decision to Boycott the 1980 Olympic Games
Krister Swanson, University of California, Santa Barbara

Commentator: David Skidmore, Drake University

PANEL 23: American Culture, Asian Response: New Perspectives on U.S.-East Asian Relations (Room E)

Chair: Mark Bradley, Northwestern University

Imagining the ‘New Woman’: Chinese Feminists View the West,1905-1915
Carol C. Chin, University of Toronto

Consuming Hollywood: Japanese Cultural Elites and American Movies, 1945-1952
Hiroshi Kitamura, College of William and Mary

The Cultural Korean War: War and its Cultural Impact in South Korea
Gregg Brazinsky, George Washington University

Commentator: Mark Bradley

PANEL 24: Subverting the Soviet Bloc (Auditorium)

Chair: Thomas S. Blanton, National Security Archive

Mission Accomplished? American Thinking about Liberating and Remaking Tsarist, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Russia
David S. Foglesong, Rutgers University

Rollback and Liberation: An American Offensive Strategy for the Cold War, 1947-1991
Bernd Stover, Centre for Contemporary Research, Potsdam

Scientific Containment: American Inducement of Defection to Undermine East German Science, 1950-1961
Paul Maddrell, University of Wales

Commentator: James G. Hershberg, George Washington University

SESSION III: 3:30pm - 5:30pm

PANEL 25: Economic Development, Nation Building, and History (Room A)

Chair: Nick Cullather, Indiana University

Analogies of Development: Using the Past to Plan Nation-Building in Afghanistan and Iraq
Michael R. Adamson, Independent Scholar

Nation Building, Private Contractors, and War Profiteering from Iraq
to Vietnam
James Carter, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi

South Korea as a U.S. Development Problem, 1945-1965
David Ekbladh, American University

Commentator: Tyler Priest, University of Houston

PANEL 26: Cultural Diplomacy in the Post-World War II Era (Room B)

Chair: Brian C. Etheridge, Louisiana Tech University

Conditioned by Their Past Traditions; U.S. Exchange Programs and the Promotion of Free Enterprise in Latin America, 1953-1961
Matthew Loayza, Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Arbenz Factor: Salvador Allende, the 1954 Guatemala Intervention, and U.S. Cold War Policy in Latin America
Mark T. Hove, University of Florida

Contemporary U.S.A. on Display: American Cultural and Commercial Exhibitions in the Soviet Bloc during the 1960s
Tomas Tolvaisas, Rutgers University

Commentator: James F. Siekmeier, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

PANEL 27: The Cultural Politics of U.S. Foreign Policy from Eisenhower to Iraq (Auditorium)

Chair: Mark Bradley, Northwestern University

Transubstantion, American-style: National Embodiment and the Popularization of Foreign Relations in 1950s
Danielle Glassmeyer, University of Alabama, Birmingham

Iraq: Like Ike’s Vietnam War
Seth Jacobs, Boston College

Flip-Flop: John Kerry and Public Memory of the Vietnam War
Michael J. Allen, North Carolina State University

Commentator: Melani McAlister, George Washington University

PANEL 28: Technicians, Philanthropists, Planners, Scholars: American Experts and Economic Development in India, Nigeria,
and Central America, 1950-1965 (Room C)

Chair: Emily S. Rosenberg, Macalester College

Point Four in Central America
Darlene Rivas, Pepperdine University

‘No one looked at me as a foreigner’: Policymaking, Expert Knowledge, and the Ford Foundation in India, 1951-1965
Nicole Sackley, Princeton University

Bringing ‘The Gospel of Modernization’ to Nigeria: The MIT Connection and Nigerian Economic Planning in the 1960s
Larry Grubbs, University of Georgia

Commentator: Christopher T. Fisher, College of New Jersey

PANEL 29: An International History Approach to the Cold War in East Asia (Room D)

Chair: Priscilla Roberts, University of Hong Kong

China’s Domestic Politics and Sino-American Rapprochement, January 1969-February 1972
Yafeng Xia, Long Island University, Brooklyn

China’s People Diplomacy in the 1950s and Its Impact on the U.S.-Japan Security Alliance
Tao Peng, Minnesota State University, Mankato

Unspecified Terms of Cohabitation: U.S.–Korean Relations, 1953-1966, As Seen Through the Relations Between GIs and Koreans
Boram Yi, University of Georgia

Commentator: Steven Phillips, Towson University

PANEL 30: American Bases in Europe: Impact and Experience, 1945-2005 (Room E)

Chair: Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

Leverage, Leaks and Liabilities: Holy Loch and the ‘Special’ Anglo-American Nuclear Relationship, 1960-1965
Charlie Whitham, University of the West of England, Bristol

The United States in the Azores: The First Years, 1944-1948
Luis Nuno Rodrigues, ISCTE, Higher Institute for Business &
Labor Studies, Lisbon

The Evolution of a Pluralistic Security Community: Impact and Perspectives Regarding the Presence of American Military Bases in Italy
Carla Monteleone, University of Palermo

The Cold War Comes to Scotland: The Holy Loch Base and Its Impact, 1959-1974
Alan Dobson, Dundee University

Commentator: Jeffrey A. Engel, Texas A&M University

(University of Maryland - Pre-registration required)

One Vietnam War Should Be Enough and Other Reflections on Diplomatic History and the Making of Foreign Policy
David L. Anderson, SHAFR President


Registration: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Book Exhibit: 8:30am - 5:00pm
Refreshments: 8:30-9:30 and 3:30-4:30

SESSION I: 9:00am - 11:00am

PANEL 31: The Uses of History in Twenty-First Century U.S. Foreign Policy (Room B)

Chair: Ernest R. May, Harvard University

Reflections on Iraq and Iran Policy
Andrew P. N. Erdmann

Counterinsurgency Today
Kalev I. Sepp, Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey

The Strategic Revolution in South Asia
Ashley J. Tellis, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Commentator: Ernest R. May

PANEL 32: European Meddling in America’s Vietnam War (Room A)

Chair: James Matray, California State University, Chico

Re-examining de Gaulle’s Peace Initiatives on the Vietnam War
Yuko Torikata, Cornell University

Peacekeeping and the Cold War in Asia: Lessons from the Past
Margaret K. Gnoinska, George Washington University

Vietnam and Anglo-American Sentimentality: Perception and Illusion in the Special Relationship
Robert Hendershot, Central Michigan University

Commentator: Roger Dingman, University of Southern California

PANEL 33: Innocents Abroad or Ugly Americans? Nineteenth-Century African Americans Overseas, U.S. Extraterritoriality in China, and Hollywood ‘On-Location’ in Mexico (Room C)

Chair: Davd F. Schmitz, Whitman College

Citizenship, Nationality, and Expatriation: African Americans Abroad in the Dred Scott Era
Eileen Scully, Bennington College

Unequal Treaties as Pro-China or Simply Pro-Greed? The U.S. State Department Reexamines Extraterritoriality, 1933-1934
William Ashbaugh, SUNY Oneonta

South of the Border with Bogart: U.S.-Mexican Relations and THE TREASURE OF THE SIERRA MADRE (1948)
Brian O’Neil, University of Southern Mississippi

Commentator: Paul Kramer, John Hopkins University

PANEL 34: History as Past and Present: Infamous Acts, Notorious Wars, and Human Rights (Auditorium)

Chair: Matthew Jones, University of Nottingham

Vietnam and Iraq: Does History Repeat Itself?
John William Dumbrell, University of Leicester

The Past is Never Far Away from Another War on Terrorism: Writing American Counter-Terrorism Policy under and Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush
Richard Jackson, University of Manchester

Catalysing Events, Think Tanks and American Foreign Policy Shifts: A Comparative Analysis of the Impacts of Pearl Harbor and 9/11
Inderjeet Parmar, University of Manchester

Wilsonianism Revisited?: Human Rights Promotion in the Foreign Policy of the George W. Bush Administration
Jan Hancock, University of Manchester

Commentator: Klaus Larres, University of London

PANEL 35: Puppets, Stooges, and Satellites? Case Studies in Cold War Legitimism (Room D)

Chair: Kathryn Weathersby, Woodrow Wilson International Center

Socialism, Sovereignty, and the North Korean Exception
Charles Armstrong, Columbia University

Nihilateralism in a Bipolar World?: Mongolian-American Non-Relations during the Cold War
Yvette M. Chin, George Washington University

Ulbricht Doctrine or Gomulka Doctrine?: Moscow-Warsaw-East Berlin and the Non-Recognition of the German Democratic Republic
Wanda Jarzabek, Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences

Playing the China Card?: France and the Recognition of Communist China, 1963-1964
Garret Martin, London School of Economics

Commentator: Jussi Hanhimaki, Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva

PANEL 36: U.S. Foreign Relations, Communi-cations Technology, and the Rise to World Power (Room E)

Chair: David P. Nickles, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

An Ocean Apart: The Radio Corporation of America in Nationalist China
Michael A. Krysko, Dowling College

Telstar’s Launch, Satellite Orbits, and High-Altitude Atomic Testing: Implications for the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty?
James Schwoch, Northwestern University

U.S. Foreign Policy and Communications Technology in the Cold War: Avoiding Field’s ‘Worst Chapter’ Syndrome
Jonathan Reed Winkler, University of Maryland and
U.S. Naval Academy

Commentator: Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin, Madison

LUNCH BREAK: 11:00am - 1:30pm

Luncheon Address: 11:30am - 1:30pm
(UMD Golf Course Clubhouse - Pre-registration required)

The Politics of Truth
Ambassador Joseph Wilson

SESSION II: 1:30pm - 3:30pm

PANEL 37: Modernization and Reform in the Muslim World 1950s to 1990s (Room B)

Chair: Douglas Little, Clark University

Before Jihad: American Conceptions of Democratization and Modernization in the Middle East 1945-1965
Matthew Jacobs, University of Florida

To See the Desert Blossom Again: Cold War Foreign Policy and the Dilemma of Modernization in the Middle East
Nathan Citino, Colorado State University

Uncertain Allies: Jordan’s King Hussein and the United States, 1953-1999
Clea Bunch, University of Arkansas

Cold War Roots of Militant Islam
Dianne Kirby, University of Ulster

Commentator: Douglas Little

PANEL 38: Two Hundred Years of ‘Imperial America’ (Room C)

Chair: Jeffrey Kimball, Miami University of Ohio

American Support for Empire, 1815-1860
Elizabeth Kelly Gray, Towson University
The Moro Problem: Filipino Muslims and American Colonial Governance of the Philippines
Karine V. Walther, Columbia University

Justifying Interventions in Nicaragua: From the Roosevelt Corollary to the Bush Doctrine
Richard Grossman, Northeastern Illinois University

Commentator: Jeffrey Kimball

PANEL 39: Roundtable: (Still More) New Evidence and New Approaches on the Vietnam War (Room A)

Chair: Malcolm Byrne, National Security Archive

ARVN: A Social History of America’s Ally in Vietnam
Robert K. Brigham, Vassar College

The End of the Affair: US-RVN Relations in the Post-Tet War
Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Yale University

The Mystery of Marigold: New Evidence on the Secret Italian-Polish Peace Initiative in Vietnam, 1966
James G. Hershberg, George Washington University

A Mote in the Eye: Haiphong in U.S. Diplomacy and Strategy during the Vietnam War
John Prados, National Security Archive

The Selling of the War President, 1972
Ken Hughes, University of Virginia Miller Center

PANEL 40: War Crimes, War Crimes Trials, and Coverups: The United States and Japan, 1946-1948 (Room D)

Chair: Sayuri Shimizu, Michigan State University

Toxic Gas Warfare in China and the Japanese Army
Yoshimi Yoshiaki, Chuo University, Tokyo

Victims of Biological Warfare? Unit 731 and Allied Prisoners of War
Marlene J. Mayo, University of Maryland

U.S. Occupation Authorities and Korean Comfort Woman Evidence
H. Eleanor Kerkham, University of Maryland

Commentator: Paula S. Harrell, Independent Scholar

PANEL 41: Weaving an Atlantic Identity: The Ideology of Alliance in the 1940s and 1950s (Room E)

Chair: Petra Goedde, Temple University

The Atlantic Charter and Atlantic Identity in American International Relations History
Leo Lovelace, Chapman University

The Feebleness of Alternatives: The Politics of Rhetoric and the
European Defense Community
Chris Tudda, Office of Historian, U.S. Department of State

An Atlantic Phoenix: Pulling West German Rearmament Out of the
Ashes of European Defense Community
Stephanie Trombley, University of New Hampshire

Commentator: Petra Goedde

PANEL 42: Roundtable: Diplomatic and Military History: Insularities, Intersections, and Introspections (Auditorium)

Chair: Theodore A. Wilson, University of Kansas

Mark Gilderhus, Texas Christian University
Deborah Kisatsky, Assumption College
Walter Kretchik, Western Illinois University
Mark Stoler, University of Vermont

SESSION III: 4:00pm - 6:00pm

PANEL 43: The CIA: Perceptions, Practice, and Organization
(Room B)

Chair: John Prados, National Security Archive

The Central Intelligence Agency and Nationalism in the Middle East during the Early Cold War: The CIA in Egypt and Iran, 1950-1960
John Miglietta, Tennessee State University

Detecting the Enemy: The Polygraph and the Values of Truth in the Founding of the CIA and the National Security State
John Philipp Baesler, Indiana University

‘Goodbye, Mr. Thornhill, Wherever You Are’: Hollywood Representations of the CIA’s Role in American Foreign Relations
David S. McCarthy, The College of William and Mary

Stopping the Soviets at Any Cost: The CIA’s Information Sharing Agreement with Yugoslav Intelligence after the Tito-Stalin Split
Coleman Mehta, North Carolina State University

Commentator: John Prados

PANEL 44: Internationalism and Imperialism: Non-European Struggles over Identity and Freedom (Room C)

Chair: Matthew Connelly, Columbia University

Benevolent Internationalism: Anti-Opium and the Imperial Project
Anne L. Foster, Indiana State University

Race and Freedom in U.S.-Caribbean Relations
Cary Fraser, Pennsylvania State University

Vietnamese, Africans, and Arabs: The First Indochina War, 1945-1954, and the Limits of Third-Worldism
Shawn McHale, George Washington University

Commentator: Matthew Connelly

PANEL 45: Language of Foreign Relations (Room D)

Chair: Frank Costigliola, University of Connecticut

Walking in the Shadows of Munich and Vietnam
Sarah Thelen, American University

The Interpretation Factor: Overcoming the Language Barrier at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
Graham Cox, University of Houston

Hope and the Art of Speeches: ‘Conversational Politics’ as a Methodology to Describe the Impact of Language on Politics
Jan Meine, Universitat Leipzig

Respected as a Great People Who Deserve To Be Free: Rhetoric Versus Reality in the Tripolitan War
Christine E. Sears, University of Delaware

Commentator: Frank Costigliola

PANEL 46: With Us or Against Us: U.S. Policy towards Neutral States in Europe in the Second World War and the Early Cold War (Room E)

Chair: Marc J. Selverstone, University of Virginia

Complementary Interests: U.S. Policy Toward Finland in the Early Cold War, 1945-1961
T. Michael Ruddy, St. Louis University

The U.S. Neutrality in the Twentieth Century: The collision of Neutrality, Morality, and Hegemony
William Z. Slany, Office of Historian (ret.), U.S. Department of State

The Legacy of Wartime Neutrality: U.S.-Irish Relations in the Early Cold War
David P. Kilroy, Wheeling Jesuit University

Commentator: Marc J. Selverstone

PANEL 47: Interventionism, Human Rights, and Multilateralism: Contemporary Issues in Historical Context (Room A)

Chair: Richard H. Immerman, Temple University

Ideas and Choices: Eisenhower’s International Crisis Management
Saki Dockrill, King’s College, London

Human Rights and Foreign Policy: Wilson and the Greek Dictators 1967-1970
Effie Pedaliu, University of the West of England, Bristol

America, Europe, and Western Security: Responding to the Early Manifestations of the Challenges of Globalization, 1973-1975
Ann Lane, King’s College London

North America, Atlanticism, and the Helsinki Process
Michael D. J. Morgan, Yale University

Commentator: Thomas A. Schwarz, Vanderbilt University

PANEL 48: Relevance, Irrelevance, and Diplomatic Historians (Auditorium)

Chair: Fredrik Logevall, Cornell University

Diplomatic Historians and the Usable Past
Walter Hixson, University of Akron

Commentator: Mikyoung Kim, Portland State University
Fredrik Logevall