Vice President Henry Wallace gave this speech in 1942, a time when Americans were debating wartime strategy and America’s role in the post-World War II order. Wallace’s speech, also known as “The Price of Free World Victory,” reiterated support for Franklin Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms” and criticized Henry Luce’s concept of the “American Century.” Wallace declared that the United States had an obligation to contribute to the war and to the post-war settlement. He described a liberal world system in which freedom, fairness, and opportunity would promote global peace. – M.B. Masur, St.
On August 9, 1941, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met secretly in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. From August 9-12, the two leaders hosted a series of meetings on Roosevelt’s flagship, the U.S.S. Augusta, and the British battleship, the H.M.S. Prince of Wales to coordinate Anglo-American strategy and discuss a joint public declaration of war aims. The resultant statement, The Atlantic Charter, was publicized at the conclusion of the conference.
In January 1950, President Harry Truman requested a comprehensive review of U.S. national security policies for later consideration by the National Security Council. Responding to the president’s charge, the State Department Policy Planning Staff, led by Paul Nitze, completed National Security Memorandum 68 (NSC-68) in April 1950. Identifying the Soviet Union as the primary threat to the United States, NSC-68 depicted Soviet leaders as fanatical totalitarians bent on world domination. Concluding that the U.S.
In February 1972, President Richard Nixon’s historic visit to China captured the world’s attention. The trip was filled with photo-ops, including President Nixon and Chairman Mao Zedong engaging in cordial conversation. The most important diplomatic outcome of the visit was the issuance of the “Joint Communiqué” on Sino-American relations. – M.B. Masur, St. Anselm College
Margaret MacMillan, Nixon and Mao: The Week That Changed the World (New York, 2007).
Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War
Nixon Goes to China
Ho Chi Minh and the Vietnam War
The Space Race
Essential Question: Was the Space Race About Space?
Common Core Standards: RH1, RH6, WHST1
Several sites will help teachers refresh memories about the space race:
The United States and Iran: A Troubled Past
Common Core Standards: RH2, RH6, WHST1